Machu Picchu Worksheet & Fun Facts for Kids

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Learn all about one of the world’s most extraordinary ancient cities with this free Machu Picchu worksheet.

With this free printable geography worksheet, you will embark on a journey to discover the majestic beauty of Machu Picchu. Nestled high in the Andes Mountains of Peru. This renowned archaeological site is not only a testament to Inca engineering and ingenuity but also a symbol of their rich cultural heritage.

Through this worksheet, you will uncover fascinating facts about the history, architecture, and cultural significance of Machu Picchu.

Whether you are studying South American history or simply captivated by stunning archaeological sites. This Machu Picchu worksheet is an invaluable educational resource. It combines geography, history, and cultural exploration to ignite your curiosity and expand your knowledge of this awe-inspiring wonder of the world.


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Machu Picchu facts for kids

  1. Machu Picchu is an ancient Incan city located high up in the Andes Mountains of Peru. It was built around 600 years ago but remained hidden from the outside world until it was rediscovered in 1911.
  2. Llamas can be seen roaming freely around Machu Picchu. They are friendly and often pose for pictures with visitors.
  3. The Incas built Machu Picchu using massive stone blocks without using any mortar. These stones were carefully cut and fitted together like a giant puzzle.
  4. Machu Picchu was built with careful alignment to the stars and astronomical events. The Incas were skilled astronomers. And they used the structures in Machu Picchu to study the movements of the sun, moon, and stars.
  5. The Incas didn’t use wheels to transport the huge stones used in Machu Picchu. Instead, they used ramps, levers, and human power to move and lift the stones into place.
  6. Machu Picchu is located at a very high altitude, about 2,430 meters (7,970 feet) above sea level.
  7. Despite being located in a region prone to earthquakes, Machu Picchu has withstood many tremors over the centuries. The precise construction of the stone structures, without the use of mortar. Allows the buildings to flex during earthquakes and remain intact.
  8. Machu Picchu is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which means it is considered an important part of human history and culture.

Continue learning with our free continent of South America worksheets.

Machu Picchu research worksheet

Welcome to the fascinating world of Machu Picchu!

Get ready to embark on a colorful journey through time and uncover the secrets of Machu Picchu.

As you grab your coloring pencils, let’s dive into the history of Machu Picchu and discover the answers to some intriguing questions.


These are the questions the kids will need to answer on the Machu Picchu worksheet:

Where is Machu Picchu located?

Machu Picchu is located in the Andes Mountains of Peru, in South America.

When was Machu Picchu built?

Machu Picchu was built around 600 years ago, in the 15th century. More specifically, it is believed to have been constructed around the year 1450.

What materials were used in making Machu Picchu?

The main building material used in constructing Machu Picchu was stone. The Incas cut and shaped large stone blocks, fitting them together precisely without using mortar. The stones were quarried from nearby mountains and brought to the site.

machu picchu coloring page

Who built Machu Picchu?

Machu Picchu was built by the ancient Inca civilization. The Inca people were skilled engineers and architects who constructed impressive structures throughout their empire, including Machu Picchu.

Why was Machu Picchu built?

The exact purpose of Machu Picchu is not known for certain, as the Incas did not leave behind written records. However, it is believed to have served as a royal estate and religious center for the Inca emperor Pachacuti and his elite circle.

It may have also had agricultural functions and served as a retreat or sanctuary for the ruling class. Some theories suggest it was a strategic military outpost or a place of pilgrimage.

Books about Machu Picchu for kids

Learn even more about Machu Picchu with these books:

Where is Machu Picchu? is an illustrated children’s book that takes young readers on a journey to discover the ancient city. Through engaging storytelling and colorful illustrations, the book explores the history, mystery, and significance of Machu Picchu

Turn Right at Macchu Picchu is like a real-life Indiana Jones story. The author, Mark Adams, goes on a crazy journey to explore Machu Picchu just like explorer Hiram Bingham did. It’s a thrilling and funny book that makes you feel like you’re right there with him.

Lost City: The Discovery of Machu Picchu is an amazing book with beautiful drawings that tells the true story of how Machu Picchu was found. It’s like a treasure hunt that takes you back in time, following Hiram Bingham’s adventures and the challenges he faced. You’ll learn so much about this incredible place!

7 wonders of the world


Tips for downloading the free files

Below you will see a large sign-up box where you need to add your name and email address, and press I NEED THIS NOW!

Within minutes you will be sent the free PDF directly to your email address, so you can print it out and start using it immediately.

Sometimes emails get a little wonky, so if you can’t see it, please check your spam folder where I am sure it is hiding.

Download the free printable Machu Picchu worksheet

If you are learning all about the wonders of the world you can download all 14 worksheets. With the new and ancient wonders of the world worksheets for a small fee.

Make sure you choose the correct paper size and click on the shrink to fit button. All of our free printables for kids work better when printed on cardstock (this is the one we use and love.)

Last Updated on 14 March 2024 by Clare Brown

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