Free Parts of a Penguin Worksheet

Get ready for an adventure with our free parts of a penguin worksheet.

We’ve got you covered with these free printable science worksheets that introduce your little explorers to the incredible world of penguins.

The worksheet focuses on six key parts of a penguin, including the bill, belly, flipper, eye, tail, and webbed feet.

Choose from three different worksheets that involve labeling the parts from a word bank, writing them without hints, or matching them to the correct place.

And for some artistic fun, there’s a black and white penguin illustration just waiting to be transformed into a colorful masterpiece.

Let the learning and coloring excitement begin!


**There may be affiliate links in this post. You can read my full disclosure at the bottom of the page.**

What is the anatomy of a penguin?

In this interactive worksheet, we’ll explore and uncover the six important parts that make up a penguin’s amazing body.

Together, we’ll learn all about these fascinating components and their functions. Let’s dive in and start our adventure!


The penguin’s bill is a crucial feature that serves multiple purposes.

It acts as a long, slender beak, allowing the penguin to catch and hold slippery fish and squid—the mainstays of their diet.

The bill also helps regulate the bird’s body temperature by dissipating excess heat, thanks to its network of blood vessels.

parts of a penguin coloring page


A penguin’s belly is more than just a cute plumpness.

It plays a vital role in thermoregulation. Beneath their fluffy feathers, penguins have a layer of fat, known as blubber, stored in their bellies.

This blubber acts as insulation, helping to keep them warm in frigid waters and harsh weather conditions.


Penguins are famous for their remarkable swimming abilities, and their flippers are the key to their aquatic prowess.

These short, stiff wings are perfectly adapted for maneuvering through water with precision and speed.

While on land, penguins also use their flippers to maintain balance and stability.

parts of a penguin labeling


The penguin’s eye may seem ordinary, but it possesses unique adaptations for life underwater.

Equipped with a special membrane called the nictitating membrane, penguins can protect their eyes from the harsh elements of the ocean while maintaining visibility.

This thin, transparent eyelid acts as a built-in pair of goggles, allowing them to see clearly underwater.


While penguins may not have a prominent or visible tail like some other bird species, they do possess a short, stubby tail hidden beneath their feathers.

The tail of a penguin serves as a balancing tool, helping them maintain stability and control while swimming and maneuvering through the water.

It plays a crucial role in their graceful underwater movements, allowing them to make quick turns and adjustments as they navigate their aquatic world.

Webbed feet

Penguin feet are uniquely adapted for both land and water.

Their webbed feet, covered in tough, scaly skin, act as efficient paddles, propelling the birds through the water with ease.

On land, these same feet provide stability and grip, allowing penguins to navigate rocky terrain and huddle together in large colonies without slipping.

parts of a penguin worksheets

Books about penguins for kids

Add some reading to your lessons with these fun penguin books:

Penguins is an informative and engaging book that introduces young readers to the fascinating world of penguins. Filled with captivating photographs and easy-to-understand text, it explores various penguin species, their habitats, behaviors, and the challenges they face in the wild.

Spike is a delightful children’s book that tells the heartwarming story of a unique penguin named Spike. With colorful illustrations and a message of self-acceptance, it takes young readers on a journey of friendship and embracing one’s individuality in the enchanting world of penguins.

Tacky the Penguin is a charming picture book that follows the adventures of Tacky, an unconventional and exuberant penguin. Written by Helen Lester, this humorous story celebrates the power of being true to oneself and highlights the importance of embracing differences.

Have fun with younger students with these penguin activities for preschoolers!

Free penguin printables

Carry on learning about penguins with these free activities:



Need to print later? Add this to your Pinterest board or share it on Facebook. You’ll have it handy whenever you’re ready to use it!

Download the free penguin labeling worksheet

If you are running short on time you can download all of our life cycle worksheets. There are 247 pages over 23 different life cycles.

Make sure you choose the correct paper size and click on the shrink to fit button. All of our free printables for kids work better when printed on cardstock (this is the one we use and love.)

Last Updated on 29 April 2024 by Clare Brown

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