Unlock the mysteries of one of the ancient world’s most captivating temples with this free Temple of Artemis worksheet.
With this free geography worksheet, you will embark on a journey to explore the legendary Temple of Artemis, situated in ancient Ephesus (modern-day Turkey). This awe-inspiring temple was dedicated to the Greek goddess Artemis and stood as a testament to the architectural and artistic prowess of its time.
Through this worksheet, you will uncover intriguing facts about the history, design, and cultural significance of the Temple of Artemis. From its grand columns and intricate sculptures to its role as a center of worship and a symbol of power, each aspect of this ancient wonder reveals the rich heritage of ancient Greece.
Whether you are studying ancient Greek mythology or simply captivated by magnificent architectural achievements, this Temple of Artemis worksheet is an invaluable educational resource. It combines geography, history, and cultural exploration to ignite your curiosity and expand your knowledge of this mesmerizing wonder of the ancient world.
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Interesting Temple of Artemis facts for kids
- The Temple of Artemis was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was a magnificent and grand structure located in the ancient city of Ephesus, in what is now modern-day Turkey.
- The temple was dedicated to the Greek goddess Artemis, who was the goddess of the hunt, the moon, and fertility. She was highly revered and worshiped by the ancient Greeks.
- The construction of the temple began around 550 BCE and took several decades to complete. It was made mostly of marble and adorned with beautiful sculptures and intricate carvings.
- The temple was enormous in size. It measured approximately 377 feet long, 180 feet wide, and its columns stood about 60 feet tall.
- One of the remarkable features of the temple was its forest of columns. It had 127 columns, each one beautifully decorated with intricate designs and carvings. No other Greek temple had so many columns.
- The temple was a center of religious and cultural significance. People from far and wide would travel to visit the temple, make offerings, and seek the blessings of Artemis.
- Unfortunately, the temple was destroyed and rebuilt multiple times due to various reasons like fires, floods, and invasions. The most famous destruction occurred in 356 BCE when a man named Herostratus set fire to the temple, wanting to be remembered throughout history. This incident led to the saying “to be a Herostratus,” meaning to commit a criminal act for the sake of fame.
- Today, only ruins remain of the Temple of Artemis. These ruins, along with some of the surviving sculptures and artifacts, can be seen in the archaeological site of Ephesus, which is a popular tourist destination.
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Temple of Artemis Research
Welcome to the fascinating world of the Temple of Artemis!
Get ready to embark on a colorful journey through time and uncover the secrets of the Temple of Artemis.
As you grab your coloring pencils, let’s dive into the history of the Temple of Artemis and discover the answers to some intriguing questions.
These are the questions the kids will need to answer on the Temple of Artemis worksheet:
Where was the Temple of Artemis located?
The Temple of Artemis was located in the ancient city of Ephesus, which is in modern-day Turkey.
When was the Temple of Artemis built?
The construction of the Temple of Artemis began around 550 BCE during the Archaic period of ancient Greece.
What materials were used in making the Temple of Artemis?
The Temple of Artemis was primarily made of marble. The columns and various architectural elements were constructed using this durable and beautiful stone.
Who built the Temple of Artemis?
The Temple of Artemis was commissioned by the Lydian king Croesus. The construction was supervised by the architect Chersiphron and his son Metagenes.
Why was the Temple of Artemis built?
The Temple of Artemis was built as a place of worship dedicated to the Greek goddess Artemis. Artemis was highly revered as the goddess of the hunt, the moon, and fertility.
The temple was constructed to honor her and provide a sacred space for worship, offerings, and rituals. It also served as a cultural and religious center for the people of Ephesus and attracted visitors from far and wide.
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What happened to the Temple of Artemis?
The Temple of Artemis went through several phases of destruction and reconstruction before ultimately being completely destroyed. Here’s a timeline of what happened to the temple:
- The first temple, known as the Archaic Temple, was constructed around 550 BCE. It stood for about 200 years before being destroyed by a flood in the 7th century BCE.
- The temple was rebuilt on a larger scale during the 6th century BCE. This version, known as the Classical Temple, was more magnificent and became one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
- In 356 BCE, a man named Herostratus set fire to the temple in an act of arson. It is believed that he did so to gain notoriety. This fire caused significant damage to the temple.
- Alexander the Great, who greatly admired the temple, offered to finance its restoration. However, the Ephesians declined the offer, as they believed the temple should remain a monument to its own destruction.
- In the 3rd century BCE, the temple was restored again, this time by the Greek architect Dinocrates. The rebuilding efforts were funded by donations from various sources.
- The temple survived for a few more centuries but faced further destruction due to invasions and earthquakes. By the 5th century CE, it was in ruins.
- Over time, the remaining stones of the temple were repurposed and used in the construction of other buildings in the area.
Today, only fragments and ruins of the Temple of Artemis can be seen at the archaeological site of Ephesus in Turkey.
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Last Updated on 2 October 2023 by homeschoolof1